Design of an Office
Office design mainly depends on the function of the office and working schedule and regular timings of the office. The purpose of its design should be studied carefully for a successful office design. The number of people and the kind of people that are going to be working in the office have to be taken into consideration so as to provide a comfortable working space.
The process of Office Design can be split up into four parts:
- Understanding design Considerations
- Important Design Factors
- Importance of Interior Design
- Office Systems
Purpose of an Office
The purpose of an office is to derive maximum work from employees and maximum business from clients. To achieve this, minimum disturbance to employees and minimum inconvenience to clients should be the motto of the designer.
Pattern of Population of an Office Building
The population of an office jumps from zero to maximum within a morning hour. And it declines likewise in the evening, only maintenance staff remaining there. So the entrance should be large enough to cope with this and at the same time should not intimidate the visitors.
These are the two basic consideration before we start with designing an office, be it an Architect’s Office or a Management Office.
In this article, we are going to discuss in detail the various requirements that are to be incorporated in any office design.
General requirements of an Office
Office is a space where people are active the entire day. Keeping this in mind, we have to consider all the necessary factors that are essential for the design of a comfortable office space. Like for any other planning, adequate light, proper air circulation, controlled sound level, right work surface and storage for stationary, equipment and other sundry articles should be considered.
It is a must because every visitor needs a pause before meeting the desired person.
List of Staff
Categorised list of staff is required to decide the division of space. Further expansion should be kept in mind. The list should be category wise. The people working in an establishment, known collectively as the staff or personnel, are normally divided into four categories:
- Office Assistants
Higher and lower differs who have to be allotted a separate cabin.
Clerks, stenographers, typists, receptionists, telephone operators, etc – the middle level staff. All these require proper work space.
Peons, office boys, delivery boys, watchmen, etc. They require only sitting space.
Staff employed for the upkeep of the office. Usually, they enter office after office hours and remain out of office, though they need a corner or cubicle to store their wares such as broom, vacuum, cleaner, brushes, mops, ladder, etc.
Find out are and type of space, the type of work surface storage for stationary, equipment and other personal articles like bag, tiffin, etc, sitting arrangement for visitors and the treatment of the workspace or cabin.
Storage and space for materials
What is not personnel, is materiele, ie, material. Office machines for collective use, like copiers, cyclostling machine, computer require proper space. So also stationery and other sundry items like heater, kettle, crockery etc. All these should be written down properly.
Note down the members of personnel and relationship among them. This will facilitate in grouping of personnel and planning of functional interior.
Nature of Business
Certain business require simplicity, like chattered accountant’s office; certain require glamour, like an advertising agency’s office. Some offices require privacy like a modelling agency’s office and some require security like a financial institutions.
The right type of ambience should be created in the interior and the right type of business image should be enhanced.
To avoid messing in the office, attached kitchen with the staff room is recommended. Kitchenette makes the staff really happy creating a semblance of home in the office while providing warm food.
Necessary for good image and hygiene. Automatic tap water with automatic drier should be installed with neat and clean well-designed toilet.
If space allows, provide a small conference room near the reception area where visitors and personnel can meet. This avoids disturbance in the office, the reception area does not get crowded, office security is intact and visitors save their time.