Types of Arches | Architectural Details





 Six basic arch styles | Building Construction

A roman arch which is also known as a semi-circular arch. It forms a semi-circle. It is generally made of brick masonry.

Semi-circular arch or Roman Arch

Semi-circular arch or Roman Arch

Segmental Arch

A Syrian arch which is also known as a Segmental arch. It forms a partial curve since it has a small rise in the centre and is semi-elliptical across the top.

Segmental or Syrian Arch

Segmental or Syrian Arch

Flattened Gothic Arches

Flattened Gothic arches are also known as Tudor arches. Tudor arches have a low rise because of which they are named as flattened gothic arches. Gothic arches are generally narrower than the flattened gothic arches.

Tudor arch or Flattened Gothic Arch

Tudor arch or Flattened Gothic Arch

Flat arches

Flat arches are also known as straight arches. As the name itself suggests, the arch spans straight across the opening without any curvation.

Flat Arch

Flat Arch

Gothic Arches

Gothic arches are narrow arches with a pointed opening. It was considered to be a more sinuous and elegant successor to the roman arch style. Gothic arches have been used in cathedrals of the Middle ages across Europe.

Gothic arch

Gothic arch

Horseshoe Arches

A Moorish arches are also called Horseshoe arches. The arch resembles the look of a horseshoe magnet. The curved arch line extends beyond the semi-circular line of the arch.

Horseshoe Arch or Moorish Arch

Horseshoe Arch or Moorish Arch

 

In our next article, we will discuss different types of columns.



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  1. #1 by frank on January 21, 2014 - 3:45 am

    my god bless u all

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