What is “Green Approach”?
It is difficult to define Green building Architecture. Although we could define what the green approach could be like. It takes into consideration the impact of design of buildings on the environment. Constructing a building requires resources. For example, materials for construction, fuel, users engagement in design etc. All of these factors are considered in Green building architecture. They form the backbone of this type of approach.
Designing green buildings has become a motto to many design companies and individual designers. It is important to pay attention to the conflicting issues that arise out of design. Every design decision needs to be thought with depth since it has environmental implications which could be harmful to us.
Measures for green buildings can be divided into four areas:
- Reduction in energy consumption
- Environmental damage prevention by reducing external pollution
- Reduction in embodied energy and prevent resource depletion
- Indoor air quality (and hence maintain good health)
One of the excellent examples of Green Architecture is “Aliens Space Station”.
Check out this excellent article Green architecture in which the author states…
In many ways, there is a renaissance of design taking place quietly in many parts of the country, even while cut and paste architecture still prevails in the current building boom.
With technologies changing as rapidly as they are now, and with knowledge of global best practices being so easily accessible (thanks to the internet), concepts of green architecture are no longer only textbook knowledge — many architectural practices are sensitive to the growing need to adopt methods which are energy efficient.
The priorities of green buildings are different from that of the regular RCC buildings. Their success is measured in terms of health of the people, environment and resource conservation. The success depends on these three factors. There have been a lot of discussions and debate over the economical aspect of green buildings and if they are durable and utilitarian?
Green Design emphasizes on a number of new concerns regarding health of the occupants:
- Harmful materials have to be avoided in order to maintain good indoor air quality
- Non- renewable resources have to be conserved
- Importance to be given to the use of ecofriendly materials to improve human health
- Renewable energy to be harvested on site
- Protect and restore local air, water, soils, flora and fauna.
The ultimate goal is to reduce the carbon footprint. Buildings are being designed with better insulation, water management, low electricity consumption etc. Also, the renewable energy is being harvested on site by making use of solar energy, wind power which in turn helps in reducing electricity costs.
Here are a few Green building Design Case studies: