Le Corbuier was an architect, painter and a philosopher. He became a powerful thinker of new urban theories and propounded a bold, modern architecture.
In 1951, he was appointed Architectural Adviser to the Punjab government for designing the new capital city, Chandigarh. This city represents the expression of his revolutionary ideas and is where his greatest monuments have been erected.
Le Corbusier and Frank Lloyd Wright became the pioneers of Modern Architecture….
He lived his austere life and admired the simple and the useful. He was not only an architect and a planner but a painter, a sculptor, in secret a poet, a visionary whose view encompassed all that concerns man. Above all, Corbusier was a great humanist whose primary preoccupation was the welfare of man. He worked in India for a pittance and did not die a rich man.
Some of his Legendary projects are as follows:
- Palace of League of Nations
- Chandigarh City
- Villa Savoye
- Ronchamp Chapel
- Le Corbusier Centre
- United Le Habitation
- United Nations Headquarters
Apart from designing buildings, he also designed the furniture. In 1940s, he entered into a partnership with his cousin Pierrie Jeanneret. Le Corbusier made plans and Pierrie Jeanneret executed them.
Corbusier built several houses. The Villa Savoye at Poissy is one such house, built during 1929-31. The house is supported on slender posts with ramps. Among his important buildinfs was Unite d’ Habitatio in Marseilles, which is based on his concept of Modular.
The Unité d’Habitation meaning “A Housing Unit” is the name of a modernist residential housing design principle developed by Corbusier, with the collaboration of painter-architect Nadir Afonso. The concept formed the basis of several housing developments designed by him throughout Europe with this name.
The Chapel of Notre Dame at Ronchamp, Paris, was a religious structure designed by him.
- Located in Ronchamp, France, this unusual building is a synthesis of architecture and sculpture.
- The frame of the structure is steel and metal mesh, over which concrete was sprayed. Shaped like a great ship.
Le Corbusier put many of his planning ideas into practice when he was commissioned to design the city of Chandigarh in India, where he also designed the government buildings, the Palace of Assembly, and the High Court. In India, he also designed private houses.
The best known ones are the Sarabhai residence and the Shodan residence at Ahmedabad. Both were designed during 1951-56. His only project in the USA was Harvard University’s Carpenter Centre at Cambridge (Visual Arts Centre).
Structural simplicity is evident from the plans. There is also wonderful plasticity in the design of rooms, their form, their dimensions, in the shadows of the brise-soleiol on the facades and of the roof sunshade.