Aesthetic Components of Architecture





Architecture is a design process which involves planning, designing, creating, erecting, constructing and executing construction of various types of buildings that are functionally efficient, economically viable and aesthetically pleasing.

The two most important factors in the design of a building are Form and Function. Functionality is the most important aspect of building design. The other aspect is building form or aesthetics.

Aesthetics is the branch of philosophy that deals with the nature and expression of beauty.

Beautiful House

Aesthetics is one of the major principle of Architecture that students and professionals alike have to worship. It concerns beauty or appreciation of beauty. In other words, it is a philosophy behind a pleasing appearance.

A set of principles followed by the Architectural designers or any designers for that matter for the evolution of the end product that is aesthetically pleasing to the eye, is called aesthetics. It is directly influenced by the artistic taste of an individual.


Aesthetics is concerned with bringing art into the daily lives of the people. Like people need colorful, designer clothes to wear and taste and presentation of food. Likewise, people like to live and work in places that are beautifully designed and are aesthetically pleasing to the eye.

When a building is designed, the aesthetic aspects can be satisfied using elements such as sloped roof, decorative columns, roofs for window elements, and semicircular and segmental arches.

The philosophy of aesthetics can be mastered by any designer if he follows these key elements listed below…

  1. Mass and space
  2. Proportion
  3. Symmetry
  4. Balance
  5. Contrast
  6. Pattern
  7. Decoration
  8. Massing

Aesthetic Qualities

Aesthetic qualities may be sub-divided into a number of basic elements…

  1. Unity
  2. Proportion
  3. Scale
  4. Balance
  5. Symmetry
  6. Rhythm

All these qualities are collectively important, and can have an important impact on the design. Architects bend these rules all the time. We all know about Organic Architecture and Deconstructivism. Beauty lies in the eyes of the beholder. It is just a perception of the person viewing them. If your design is functionally efficient and aesthetically good, and the client likes it, then you don’t need to worry about anything.



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  1. #1 by Lusungu Msovela on July 24, 2012 - 3:41 pm

    The Topic is interesting, revealing many things concerning architectural Designing.
    that is to say Architectural Issues , facts , Ideas and Theories

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