Introduction to Architecture | Architecture Style of the 21st Century
What is Architecture??
“Arch”- a form of construction and “tecture”- the surface of the structure.
Architecture is defined as designing the structures with respect to their interiors, exteriors and also the surroundings of the structure. It is considered as a form of art and science.
People who have the creative ability of imagination and then transforming it into concepts go for Architecture. If along with creative genius, a person is coupled with the technical aspects of construction, any kind of design made by such an Architect could be very well and easily be executed since the Architect himself would understand the technicalities involved in the execution of a specific design.
Architects give a certain feel to the space depending on what structure it is. Their understanding of architectural factors such as mass, texture, use of colours, use of appropriate materials, play of light and shadow in the interiors to create illusion etc.
Two major goals are to be accomplished in Architecture:
- Functional aspect
- Aesthetic aspect
That is, along with structure being functional, the structure also has to be aesthetically appealing which would make the people want to appreciate the structure.
If we study the history of Architecture, we will see that a lot of architectural styles flourished in different parts of the world and were then modified with the changing lifestyles of the people.
Some architectural styles were plan specific, some were elevation specific, some flourished because of the available materials in that particular era etc.
It is very crucial for Architecture students, Architects and all the designers to understand and feel the essence of real Architecture.
Architecture is not just designing buildings, it is an art of integrating the design of buildings with its surroundings which would include its environment and the Urban fabric.