Architecttural drawing is a subject taught in Architecture as well as Civil Engineering colleges. Hence, it is important for students to pay special attention to the subject since it requires concentration and dedication to achieve excellence in this particular subject.
This article is about past art, Contemporary art and architecture, importance of learning fundamentals of architectural/engineering drawing and the distractions to be avoided in order to excel.
Site planning is an important aspect of Architectural design. It is important that designers are completely aware of all the factors that are to be taken into consideration while designing.
This article has been written in order to explain various factors that are essentially to be considered while taking up Site planning. The site planning considerations that have been discussed in the article are as follows:
- Environmental factors
- Identification of site and its preparation
- Natural factors which include Geology, topography, Hydrography, soil, Vegetation, Wild life etc.
- Climatic factors
- Cultural factors
- Existing land use
The importance of Site documentation and site analysis cannot be denied. It is the role of any designer to perform a complete detailed documentation and analysis of the site before designing and construction.
The article has been written in order to address various aspects to be considered while analyzing the surroundings of the site. It also addresses important requirements to be incorporated in site planning in order achieve a greener environment. The important design features that are to be necessarily incorporated in your zoning layout are also mentioned.
It is a must for every architect/engineer or a designer to have complete knowledge of site documentation and site analysis.
Site and its Surroundings | Siting and Structure Design Efficiency
“Site and its Surroundings” is one of the seven principles of Green Building Architecture. In our earlier articles, we discussed about Sustainable Development.
Here are the seven Principles of Green Architecture:
- Site and its surroundings
- Energy Efficiency
- Water Efficiency
- Material Efficiency
- Indoor Air Quality
- Waste Reduction
- Low maintenance costs
The Green Principle “Site and its Surroundings” deals with it. We can relate them and try to understand the essence of this whole principle.
Site and its Surroundings
For a better understanding and study of the concept, we can divide the principle into three parts:
- Selection of a suitable site
- Site Analysis
- Site Development
Selection of a suitable site
Selection of a site depends on the type and the size of the Project. Our aim is to reduce the consumption of energy resources and still create an efficient structure.
Site selection is mainly based on two factors:
- Factors concerning “the before construction of the project”
- Factors concerning “the after construction of the structure” (after use efficiency)
Site Analysis for Construction
Site Analysis is very important before we initiate our construction. Detailed study of site and its surroundings will help justify our design proposal. Detailed study of the site and surrounding areas of the site helps in designing the project efficiently.
A site is selected on the basis of the demand of the construction
An already existing site is taken, is analyzed and the kind of project to be proposed on that particular site is decided.
An empty site to be analyzed for construction
New Trend: Environmental Friendly or Green Building Construction
When analyzing the site, we also have to consider the impact of the structure on the surrounding environment. If the proposed structure would have any negative impact on the environment. In one of our earlier articles, we have discussed “Site selection” and “Site Analysis” with respect to the environmental impact.
Check it out:
Selection of a suitable site | Environmental Sustainability
Site Analysis and Development
Here are some of the steps to be followed for Site Analysis:
Locate your site on the google maps.
It will give you an idea of the:
The connectivity to the main road and other sub roads
Site Documentation and Analysis | Green Infrastructure Design
Involve connectivities (Airport, Bus stop, study of roads, road widening, Bus service, train service etc)
Site and surroundings
Three important aspects are to be considered while analysing the surroundings of the site.
- Zoning (Agricultural, Industrial, residential, commercial , recreational etc)
- Neighbourhood Analysis
- Natural elements present in the site surroundings (Vegetation, rocks, river etc)
Analysis of Services in and around site
- Electricity lines
- Drainage lines
- Telephone lines
- Cable lines
- Postal services
Contour Analysis is very important for efficient site planning. Contour Analysis helps in determining the slope of the site which proves to be an important factor for site planning.
Recording the flora fauna, soil subsoil, underground water, above ground
Important requirements to be incorporated while site planning | Green Infrastructure
Active, Semi-active and Passive features are to be listed out which we can incorporate into our design.
We have already discussed various Passive and Active features regarding Green Architecture. All these features have to be studied, analysed on site if they exist and then should be incorporated into your design.
Design and allocation of Active and Passive features is an important part of Zoning.
Site Analysis and Site Development | Siting and Structure Design Efficiency
Site Analysis is followed by Site Development. Site Development can be efficient only if the Site Analysis is done correctly and accurately.
In our earlier article, we discussed the first part of “The Siting and Structure Design Efficiency” that is “Selection of a suitable site“. In this article, we will discuss how Site Analysis and Site Development (in other words “Site planning“) help in achieving the goal for a sustainable environment.
Site in Pochampalli
Once we are done with the selection of the Building site, get the entire survey of the site. The topography of the site and the natural features present on the site are to be studied.
A better and efficient way of utilizing the site’s natural elements have to be figured out.
For examples, the existing landscaping which would include tall or shady trees or bushes can be efficiently merged with the building design to serve a purpose.