Le Corbuier was an architect, painter and a philosopher. He became a powerful thinker of new urban theories and propounded a bold, modern architecture.
In 1951, he was appointed Architectural Adviser to the Punjab government for designing the new capital city, Chandigarh. This city represents the expression of his revolutionary ideas and is where his greatest monuments have been erected.
He lived his austere life and admired the simple and the useful. He was not only an architect and a planner but a painter, a sculptor, in secret a poet, a visionary whose view encompassed all that concerns man. Above all, Corbusier was a great humanist whose primary preoccupation was the welfare of man. He worked in India for a pittance and did not die a rich man.
Charles Edouard Jeanneret was born at La Chaux de Fonds on October 6, 1887 and later adopted the pseudonym Le Corbusier. He came from a family of watch engravers in Switzerland, and his mother was a musician.
He grew to maturity in the intellectually stimulating city of Paris and adopted French nationality. He travelled extensively and learnt many lessons from the classical architecture of Greece and the Europen cities.
He became a powerful thinker of new urban theories and propounded a bold, modern architecture. In 1951, he was appointed Architectural Adviser to the Punjab government for designing the new capital city, Chandigarh. This city represents the expression of his revolutionary ideas and is where his greatest monuments have been erected.
Wright defined organic architecture as that in which all the parts are related to the whole and the whole is related to the parts. He was known as the Grandfather of Organic Architecture. He believed in the use of natural materials and used wood and stone extensively in design.
“ A great architect is not made by way of a brain nearly so much as he is made by way of a cultivated, enriched heart”.
Frank Lloyd Wright was born on June 8, 1867 in Richland Centre, Wiscosin. Wright contributed the ‘Prairie’ and ‘Usonian’ styles to American residential architecture. Elements of his designs can be found in a large proportion of homes built today.
Wright studied civil engineering briefly at the University of Wisconsin. At 20 years of age, he joined a Chicago architectural firm as a draftsman. Wright eventually became chief draftsman and supervised the firm’s residential designs. Wright started his own firm in 1893, and began developing ideas for his ‘Prairie House’ Concept.