Japanese Gardening Style also created an impact on Modern Garden Architecture. All of us know that Japanese people are known for their perfection.
In this article, we are going to discuss the evolution of Japanese Gardens and also study the reasons for which they are renowned as “Perfectionists”….
Japanese Gardens evolved under the influence of distinctive Chinese Gardening Style…. These gardens were developed wherever there was a need for a landmark. For instance, Historical Landmarks such as Buddhist Temples, Shrines and castles.
Later on, Japaneses gardening Style was also employed for making Private Gardens in residences, city Parks or any free space around the residential and commercial complexes that could be used as a garden. They used various landscape elements and developed their typical gardening style.
Japanese not only created Green Gardens but they also designed “Dry Gardens” which are also “Rock Gardens”. The tradition of the Tea Masters Japanese gardens of quite another style, evoking rural simplicity.
Chinese Gardens were one of its kind. China is the first country to European garden tradition started with the Egyptian’s systematic reclamation of the desert and a limited flora decimated by the ice ages. Development of the Chinese Garden Concept gave a boost to the Modern Garden Architecture. Hence it was considered as a Revolutionary Gardening Style…!!
On the other hand, China in 2000 BC had abundant flora and a landscape of unimaginable beauty, fertility and variety. The gardener’s contribution was only to order and emphasise. Buildings, bridges, steps and gateways turned wooded lakes into gardens without planting.
The hunting parks of emperors were simply enclosed landscapes. Later a sophisticated nobility looked for more extravagant ideas. The Han Dynasty, contemporary to Roman Empire, unified China.
The English garden or English landscape park is a style of landscape garden which emerged in England in the early 18th century, and spread across Europe, replacing the more formal, symmetrical Spanish Gardening Style of the 17th century as the principal gardening style of Europe.
The English gardens presented an idealized view of nature and they were designed by gaining the inspiration from the landscape paintings made by Claude Lorraine and Nicolas Poussin.
It usually included a lake, sweeps of gently rolling lawns set against groves of trees, and recreations of classical temples, Gothic ruins, bridges, and other picturesque architecture, designed to recreate an idyllic pastoral landscape. By the end of the eighteenth century the English garden was being imitated by the French Gardening Style.