Posts Tagged Architecture

Pictorial Space | Architectural Drawing

Understanding Pictorial Space – II

An analytical drawing of spatial symbols clues which indicate distance and depth in our perception of form.

The primary visual cues which aid our perception of Depth:

  1. Binocular Vision
  2. Motion Parallax

Our eyes are overlapping fields of view and Stereoscopic Depth Vision.

The pictorial images created by graphic displays have to depend totally upon secondary cues to depth.

Depth is created by –

  1. Relative apparent size – Linear perspective objects become smaller as they are far away.
  2. Light and shadow
  3. Atmospheric haze (Ariel perspective)
  4. Overlap – most potent secondary cue to depth
Understanding Pictorial Space - II

Understanding Pictorial Space - II


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Understanding Pictorial Space | Architectural Drawing

Pictorial Space | Secondary cues to Depth

The aim of this drawing is to translate analytically an object into differing perceptions responding to four of the secondary depth cues.

  1. Relative apparent size – (Linear perspective) objects become smaller as they moveaway.
  2. Light and shadow
  3. Atmospheric Haze (Darker frontal tones to lighter variations in the background – through values/ or dotting technique)
  4. Overlap – contour drawing – boundaries
Here’s an Exercise that will help you understand the concept:
  • Design and draw a series of black and white bands on a sheet of paper with different thicknesses and widths.
  • Crush the sheet into a paper ball
  • Partially open up the paper ball into free standing mass of lines, form and space.
  • Place it under a strong light and draw four sketches

The image below is an example of the Exercise for understanding the concept of Pictorial Space.

Pictorial space | Architectural Drawing

Pictorial space | Architectural Drawing


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Perceptual Space | Architectural Drawing

Perception of Space | Architectural Drawing and Design

Tactile Sensations

The need to develop an awareness through graphics of the “Form of Space” as an element vital in itself.

A whole series of perceptual overlays – Architectural space. Day/night; seasonal cycles; Light/Dark; Moon; Artificial light; Warm/Cold; pressure.

Much of our understanding of environment is experienced through the sense of touch/ TACTILE/ yet we are not aware of it very much. A little awareness will help.

Perceptual Space | Tactile Sensations

Perceptual Space | Tactile Sensations

EXERCISE

The primary aim of this exercise is to experience tactile sensations and be able to use it in spatial design.

Our bodily contact with the edges of space is central to our awareness of ourselves and spatial location.

As designers of environment, we should base future man made spaces upon some understanding of its contribution to the experience of others.

Visual as well as kinaesthetic space.

  • Use a Comic Strip Format

(Compile a tactile space diary in a sequence based upon a consciously experienced chain of touch sensations within one room).

  • To Catalog in words and diagrams the varieties of SURFACES and TEXTURES encountered by our preselected extremeties of your body during a short period of time.

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Introduction to Architecture | Era of New Architectural Styles

Introduction to Architecture | Architecture Style of the 21st Century

What is Architecture??

“Arch”- a form of construction and “tecture”- the surface of the structure.

Architecture is defined as designing the structures with respect to their interiors, exteriors and also the surroundings of the structure. It is considered as a form of art and science.

People who have the creative ability of imagination and then transforming it into concepts go for Architecture. If along with creative genius, a person is coupled with the technical aspects of construction, any kind of design made by such an Architect could be very well and easily be executed since the Architect himself would understand the technicalities involved in the execution of a specific design.

Parthenon, Athens

Parthenon, Athens

Architects give a certain feel to the space depending on what structure it is. Their understanding of architectural factors such as mass, texture, use of colours, use of appropriate materials, play of light and shadow in the interiors to create illusion etc.

Two major goals are to be accomplished in Architecture:

  • Functional aspect
  • Aesthetic aspect

That is, along with structure being functional, the structure also has to be aesthetically appealing which would make the people want to appreciate the structure.

If we study the history of Architecture, we will see that a lot of architectural styles flourished in different parts of the world and were then modified with the changing lifestyles of the people.

Some architectural styles were plan specific, some were elevation specific, some flourished because of the available materials in that particular era etc.

It is very crucial for Architecture students, Architects and all the designers to understand and feel the essence of real Architecture.

Architecture is not just designing buildings, it is an art of integrating the design of buildings with its surroundings which would include its environment and the Urban fabric.


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