Low Carbon House Design | Climate, Orientation and Building Design | Part 3





How to design a Low Carbon House? | House Design

In this article, we will study the climate of the city, orientation of the structure (Waste House), building design and low energy specifications

Location of Waste House

The Waste House is located in Brighton, a town on the south coast of Great Britain. It is situated in the southeast side of Grand Parade campus of the University of Brighton.The low carbon house project is located in the southeast side of the Grand Parade campus of the University of Brighton.

Brighton and Hove Map. Source: Google Maps

Brighton has a temperate climate characterised by mild, calm weather and is sunny in summer, sea breezes and a healthy, bracing air, which is important to keeping a healthy system and body, of course you also need to have regular checkouts to secure your health, from normal visit to the doctors, to the necessary visit to the dentist every years at clinics like Asecra dentist.

Climate Data

According to the statistics provided by (Climate and temperature, 2012), we have almost 4.8 hours of sunshine per day which equates to 1766 hours of sunshine annually. Storms occurred in the years 1703, 1806, 1824, 1848, 1850, 1896, 1910 and 1987 caused serious damage. Also there have recent storms in December 2013 and February 2014 causing fierce wind and floods (The Guardian on ‘UK storms and flooding’, 2014).

Orientation

Waste house is a two storey house. Achieving energy efficiency is the key objective of the project. One of the most important design considerations is achieving optimum orientation of the building in order to achieving optimum energy efficiency.

The southern wall of the waste house will have windows and roof angled at approximately 35° to help in maximizing the solar gain in winter and take advantage of the elliptical solar path (Halliday, 2008 and Pitts and Lanchashire, 2011). Since, the building lies in the central location of the town, it is surrounded by buildings.

Building design, construction and low energy specifications

According to the Code for Sustainable Homes – Level 6, “the home will have to be completely zero carbon (i. e. zero net emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2) from all energy use in the home”. This could be achieved by

  1. Improving thermal efficiency of the walls, windows and roofs with the Bell Roofing Co roofing in San Bernardino.
  2. Airtightness – regulating air ventilation in order to achieve healthy lifestyle
  3. Reducing thermal bridging (preventing heat loss)
  4. Using low and zero carbon technologies.
  5. Water conservation (no more than 80 litres of water usage per person per day)

Rainwater harvesting, greywater recycling

  1. Surface water management by providing soakaways and areas of increasing permeable surfaces, water damage needs to be avoided so phoenix water damage take care of any situation
  2. Materials – this means a minimum number of materials meeting at least a ‘D’ grade in the Building Research Establishment’s Green Guide (the scale goes from A+ to E);

A range of good and best practices in sustainability has been delivered through planning in the city of Brighton and Hove. Some of the examples are City Point and One Brighton which have received EXCELLENT BREEAM RATING.

The method used for construction will be Passivhaus method which was developed in the early 1990s in Germany and Active thermal insulation developed in Hungary instead of the conventional insulation methods.

Below are the steps to designing a low carbon house:

Eco House Design : Part 1Introduction to the Eco House Design Guide
Design Methodology : Part 2
Eco House Design: Part 3

  • Climate of Brighton and Hove
  • Orientation of the building
  • Building design, construction and low energy specifications
 Eco House Design : Part 4

  • Insulation: Active Thermal Insulation
  • Roof Design
Eco House Design: Part 5

  • Windows and skylights;
  • Door air-gaps
  • Airtightness
  • Thermal Bridging
  • Monthly Energy Demand Profiles
Eco House Design : Renewable Energy Sources| Part 6

Ground Source Heat pump

 Eco House Design : Renewable Energy Sources| Part 7

Solar Electricity Generation

Eco House Design : Renewable Energy Sources| Part 8

  • Rainwater harvesting system
  • Mechanical Ventilation with Heat Recovery

Eco House Design : Renewable Energy Sources| Part 9

Annual Energy Balance

Eco House Design : Part 10 | Conclusion

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