Landscape Architecture is an art of shaping the surroundings… The word “Landscape” itself conveys the message. Land – scape, that is shaping and designing a piece of land with various elements of Landscape.
Great importance has always been given by our ancestors if we look at our past history. Importance of Landscape Architecture is seen in the design of Modern Gardens that developed in the 18th century after the boom of Industrial Revolution.
Chinese Gardens were one of its kind. China is the first country to European garden tradition started with the Egyptian’s systematic reclamation of the desert and a limited flora decimated by the ice ages. Development of the Chinese Garden Concept gave a boost to the Modern Garden Architecture. Hence it was considered as a Revolutionary Gardening Style…!!
Chinese Gardens at Pagoda Yunyan Ta
On the other hand, China in 2000 BC had abundant flora and a landscape of unimaginable beauty, fertility and variety. The gardener’s contribution was only to order and emphasise. Buildings, bridges, steps and gateways turned wooded lakes into gardens without planting.
The hunting parks of emperors were simply enclosed landscapes. Later a sophisticated nobility looked for more extravagant ideas. The Han Dynasty, contemporary to Roman Empire, unified China.
A beautifully designed building should also have a beautiful, pleasant and lively surroundings.
Use of various Landscape elements in a proper and systematic way helps develop beautiful and amazing surroundings…
Initially, Landscaping only consisted of huge lawns with a few tall and broad trees. After the development of Modern Gardens, the concept of Landscaping was adopted at residential and commercial levels also.
If we design a building that is aesthetically appealing and also decorate it beautifully from inside, yet if its surrounding outside area is unclean and disorganized, then the impact of the pleasing appearance of the building will considerably reduce. A beautifully designed building should also have a beautiful, pleasant and lively surroundings…
Landscape Design - Emphasis on Symmetry
This art of decorating and designing the surroundings with various different natural and artificial elements is called Landscape Architecture.
As mentioned in the previous article,
Landscaping is an art of planning the drives, walks, lawns, shrubs, gardens, flower-beds etc. so as to form a beautiful setting for a building. The main purpose of landscaping is to create a joyful environment round the building and give the occupants a healthy breath, good appearance and natural beauty.
In this article, we are going to list out various elements of Landscape and discuss “Planting” in the design of Landscape Architecture.