How to conduct a Case Study?

When students begin studying  Architecture at a University, the first thing that they are supposed to become excellent at, is doing a documentation or a case study. It could be a case study of a small village, town, a villa, a bus-stop, or a high-rise commercial or residential building. A case study is an in-depth investigation of a single individual, group, incident, or community. Other ways include experiments, surveys, or analysis of archival information

Case Study

What is the purpose of conducting a Case Study?

As the term Case Study suggests, it is the study of a particular case that is similar to your topic of design project. Doing a case study will help you understand the various aspects that you have to consider while designing.

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Casestudy and Design Guide for Major Bus Terminal for a Large City

Casestudy, Analysis and Design Guide | Design Process of Major Bus Terminal for a Large City

Data Collection and Analysis

The site: Study and Analysis

  1. Map of the City showing all the Transportation routes and networks
  2. A Land survey of the exact boundaries
  3. A topographical Map of the site
  4. A Survey Map of all the Physical Elements on site such as Trees, Rocks, Peaks and Valleys, Water, Drainage, Electricity, High tension lines, low tension lines etc.
  5. A Visual survey of the Surrounding Areas
Casestudy and Design of Bus Terminal

Casestudy and Design of Bus Terminal

Building and Infrastructure – Study and Analysis

  • Surveys of the existing transportation Department
  • Size and Population of the City – A map
  • Size and capacity of the existing terminal
  • Maps showing existing traffic volumes and Travel Pattern
  • In state, Out of State, Types and categories of Buses etc.
  • Provision of Local Services
  • Support facilities, Workshops, Sheds, Service

Guide to Casestudy of Commercial Hubs for Redesign | Urban Design

Study of Master Plan in relation to commercial hubs

  • Study all commercial hubs
  • Number of Commercial hubs (existing, declined), where they are located?
  • Their development pattern
  • Analyze the road pattern and the roads linked to it
Master Plan of Hyderabad

Master Plan of Hyderabad

  1. Study of the development from 19th century to 21st century
  2. Study the hierarchy of the commercial hubs
  3. Histogram, why they have declined? What? How?
  4. Pick the successful commercial hubs right from the olden days existing uptill today, which have not been changed.
  5. Analyze it, study the density, population, traffic, volume of traffic… traffic count
  6. Classify different types of traffic (School Traffic, Office Traffic etc)
  7. Commercial traffic – estimation in terms of percentage
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Design of an Artist’s House | Guide for conducting a casestudy of a Villa

Guide to Design of an Artist’s House | Architectural Design

An artist is a person with exceptionally innovative and creative skills. His mindset, his thought process is all influenced by the surroundings he lives in. Designing an Artist’s House is of great significance to begin the learning process of design.

Artist's House

Artist's House

This project was given to us by the University in the first year of the Architecture course. This is a project where we could explore our creativity to the fullest. At the beginning of our course, we are not much aware of the conventional forms or logical design solutions. We are extremely creative when we are unaware of the actual process of transforming our project into reality but later on, as we progress with our course, we tend to restrict ourselves. Anyway, we will not get into a discussion on that topic.

So, this is how we go around designing the Artist’s House. Here are the two major steps:

  1. Case study of Luxurious Homes
  2. Design Process of an Artist’s House

Case study of Luxurious Homes

Coming to the case study part, case study is like the backbone of our design. We have to study the existing structures to determine the requirements. Case studies are necessary not just for an Architecture student but this is a part of design process which the Architect has to carry out for his entire life.

As I have mentioned in the title above “Case study of Luxurious Homes”, the case study of an Artist’s House is limited to Luxurious Homes because it involves creativity. So studying more of creative places helps us explore our own creative genius.

What do you do when you go on a Case study?

Case study means study of a case (project) which includes all its elements of design. The structure (home) that you are studying has various advantages and disadvantages which you have to work on. Earlier, in one of my articles, we discussed the detailed process of performing a case study. Those factors also have to be included into this case study process.

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Guide to Site Documentation and Site Analysis

Site Documentation and Analysis | Green Infrastructure Design

Involve connectivities (Airport, Bus stop, study of roads, road widening, Bus service, train service etc)

Site and surroundings

Three important aspects are to be considered while analysing the surroundings of the site.

  1. Zoning (Agricultural, Industrial, residential, commercial , recreational etc)
  2. Neighbourhood Analysis
  3. Natural elements present in the site surroundings (Vegetation, rocks, river etc)

Analysis of Services in and around site

  1. Electricity lines
  2. Drainage lines
  3. Telephone lines
  4. Cable lines
  5. Postal services

Contour Analysis is very important for efficient site planning. Contour Analysis helps in determining the slope of the site which proves to be an important factor for site planning.

Recording the flora fauna, soil subsoil, underground water, above ground

Important requirements to be incorporated while site planning | Green Infrastructure

Active, Semi-active and Passive features are to be listed out which we can incorporate into our design.

We have already discussed various Passive and Active features regarding Green Architecture. All these features have to be studied, analysed on site if they exist and then should be incorporated into your design.

Design and allocation of Active and Passive features is an important part of Zoning.

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