Archive for category Architectural Drawing
Perceptual/Psycological Space | Architectural Drawing
Observing the behaviour of occupants of different types of interior space and an introspection of ourselves in relation to each space.
- A comic strip format
- The shape, sound and dynamics of space
Select three different kinds of interior space:
- A small confined space – waiting room
- A large lofty space – mosque/mandir etc
- Public/Private space – a spherical shape
One hour in each space.
Perception of Space | Architectural Drawing and Design
The need to develop an awareness through graphics of the “Form of Space” as an element vital in itself.
A whole series of perceptual overlays – Architectural space. Day/night; seasonal cycles; Light/Dark; Moon; Artificial light; Warm/Cold; pressure.
Much of our understanding of environment is experienced through the sense of touch/ TACTILE/ yet we are not aware of it very much. A little awareness will help.
The primary aim of this exercise is to experience tactile sensations and be able to use it in spatial design.
Our bodily contact with the edges of space is central to our awareness of ourselves and spatial location.
As designers of environment, we should base future man made spaces upon some understanding of its contribution to the experience of others.
Visual as well as kinaesthetic space.
- Use a Comic Strip Format
(Compile a tactile space diary in a sequence based upon a consciously experienced chain of touch sensations within one room).
- To Catalog in words and diagrams the varieties of SURFACES and TEXTURES encountered by our preselected extremeties of your body during a short period of time.
Use of colors | Painting Techniques
Perception of color affects muscular tension, brain waves, heart rate, respiration, and other functions of the autonomic nervous system. Earlier, we discussed “Affect of Color Schemes on Human Behavior“.
Yellow – suicidal inclined persons use yellow
Red – A powerful and active color – warm
Green – A calming color
Blue – Cool, colourless clearly focussed on the eye
Dark colors – Masculine – clearly defines spaces
Tins – more friendly, pleasant, beautiful than darker
Grey – neutral color
All of the above depend upon material and texture and intensity of color
The use of Colors should be done as follows:
(Select a pallete of any 3 primary colors + white and Black)
- Scarlet Lake
- Cadmium Yellow
- Cobalt Blue
- Yellow ochre
- Pressian Blue
Values | Architectural Drawing
The scale of gradations between light and dark. Values are used to help identify volumes in space. The disposition of volumes embodies both the gestural characteristics derived from the object and the objects basic geometric form.
Types of Values
Local Values – Values as they appear.
Values through Hatching
Cross Contour | Types of Contours in Architectural Drawing
In my previous articles, we discussed two different types of contours:
In this article, we will go ahead with the third major contour type “Cross Contour”.
Cross Contour is similar to the tactile blind contour. But in cross contour, you feel the whole space of the composition with your eyes and translate it a sheet of paper.
Cross contour is a linear problem and the translation should make only limited use of value by defining it simply in the pressure of the stroke.
- Squinting helps identify lights and darks
- Vary pressure according to the volume established.
- Less pressure for light and more pressure for shades and shadows – The topographical definition.
Occasionally the highest lights will not require a line at all but will break the line and pick it up again when the value becomes dark enough.
Negative/Positive Contour | Architectural Drawing
As we discussed earlier, there are three major types of contours:
In this article, we will discuss in detail the method of drawing a “Negative/Positive Contour” and its relevance to Architectural Drawing.
A negative shape is defined as the shape of space that surrounds the object or that permeates it.
Negative shapes drawn from any subject matter WILL, WHEN COMPLETED, SUGGEST the positive shape of that which you are drawing.
The purpose of this exercise is to turn your thinking and seeing from the object itself, to that of seeing shapes of space which surround or permeate things.
The process requires that you see space in a new way. Conventional spatial expectations are reoriented.
Draw the negative shapes seen from your point of view, regardless of the separateness and overlapping of the objects.
Contour Line | Blind Contour
The simplest and earliest method of drawing was “Delineation”. Its most pure form is the Contour Line.
Three major types of Contours:
This is the line demarcating of “What is” and “What is not”. It is a boundary between what is perceived – seen – called. The positive shapes, and the space surrounding the perceived object called the “Negative shape”.
The contour line is a deceptively difficult line to draw well and a well drawn contour line rests upon sensitive and detailed persuasive information.
It is a line which has not only to express the edges of the figure but also suggest what conceals behind it.
This exercise has to make use of line in all its possibilities:
- Even and Variable